Starry Smoothhound Shark
Scientific name...........Mustelus Asterias
The Starry Smoothound is a slender shark with two high dorsal fins,
snout gradually rounded with elongate and prominent nasal flaps
which are well separated from each other and the mouth. Their eyes
are horizontally elongate with strong subocular ridges, spiracle
rather prominent. Unfringed dorsal fin, first dorsal fin origin over
pectoral inner margin, anal fin smaller than second dorsal,
pectorals and pelvic fairly small.
These sharks can reach a maximum length of 4.5 feet, but the average
size is 3.2. At birth they measure 11.8 inches. Males mature at 2.5
feet, and females mature at 2.7 feet.
Their teeth are small and molariform, arranged in pavement-like
The starry smoothound has many white spots on a gray or gray-brown
on the back and sides ( no dark spots or bars ) shading to white
Their diet consists primarily on crustaceans ( hermit and other
crabs, lobsters and shrimps ).
Swims actively in captivity. May migrate inshore in summer.
Northeast Atlantic, North Sea to Canaries, Mediterranean, and
Mauritania. They occur in continental and insular shelves, on or
near sand and gravel, intertidal to 328.6 feet. These sharks are
often found close inshore in littoral waters, in shallow bays or
flats and off estuary mouths; also ranging far offshore over the
shelf and are especially common on or near submerged banks.
Starry smoothound sharks are ovoviviparous, no yolk-sac placenta,
giving birth to 7 to 15 pups per litter, increasing with maternal
size. Born inshore in summer after one year gestation. Mature at two
to three years.
No data found.
Common, fisheries bycatch with low market value. Taken by anglers,
kept in aquaria.