Shortnose Spurdog Shark
Scientific name.........Squalus Megalops
Other common names........Shortnose spiny dogfish, dogshark, piked
Shortnose spurdog sharks are a slender dogfish without the spots.
They have a broad head and a short broad snout, and small medial
barbel on anterior nasal flaps. Pectoral fin posterior margin deeply
concave. Caudal fin relatively short, first dorsal fin moderately
high, short slender spine, origins over pectoral inner margins.
Males mature at (16.2 to 20 inches), females mature at (14.5 to
24.4 inches) can reach a maximum length of 30.3 inches. Pups are
born at a length of ( 9 to 9.8 inches ).
They have blade-like teeth in both jaws.
Shortnose spurdog sharks are a gray-brown to a dark brown on top
with the ventral surface being paler than the rest of the body.
Feeds mainly on a variety of bony fishes, including ( snake eels,
scorpion fishes, conger eels ), invertebrates, sometimes batoids.
This species is social, often in large dense schools, partly
Shortnose spurdogs are found in East Atlantic, Indo-west Pacific.
They inhabit outer continental shelves and upper slopes, on or near
the seabed at depths of surface to 2,401 feet. Nursery grounds on
outer continental shelves.
This species is ovoviviparous ( aplacental viviparous) , giving
birth to 1 to 6 pups per litter ( generally 2 or 3 ) after a two
No data found.
Common to abundant, important in some fisheries. Taxonomy uncertain,
may be a species complex.