A shark attack is an attack by
a shark on a human.
It can range from a devastating brutal attack to a baby shark
taking a nip. Out of the 118 shark attacks in 2011 , only 7 were fatal.
Despite the rarity of shark attacks , people often have a great fear of
sharks due to the media and horror movies such as
Jaws portraying sharks
as fierce Creatures who attack and kill anything in their path.
Most Shark Experts say that the Danger presented by Sharks is Greatly
According to the ISAF (
International Shark Attack File ) , Australia has
the highest fatality rate while the USA has the highest number of
Shark Attacks according to the
Last Updated Jan.2011
( OMGSHARKS last updated Dec.2012 )
( Not Including Hawaii )
Islands ( Not inc. Hawaii )
|Antilles & Bahamas
Out of the 300+ Shark Species that exist ,
only a handful are responsible for the attacks.
The top 3 deadliest sharks account for the majority
of the attacks that include the
White shark ,
Tiger shark &
Bull shark. The other sharks that have been know
to attack humans are the
Oceanic Whitetip shark,
Blue shark ,
Great Hammerhead shark ,
Galapagos shark ,
Gray Reef shark ,
Blacktip Reef shark ,
Lemon shark ,Silky Shark &
Types of Shark Attacks
Provoked - Provoked attacks
are when a human interacts with the shark in some way i.e. touching ,
poking , spearing , hooks or nets etc.
Also incidents that occur outside a sharks natural habitat like in
aquariums or holding pens are considered provoked attacks.
Unprovoked - Unprovoked
attacks are attacks that are initiated by the shark and occur in a
sharks natural habitat on a human without human provocation. There are
three types of unprovoked attacks , they are:
Sneak Attack - Where the victim doesn't see the
shark and usually sustains multiple deep bites cause major blood lose.
This is the most fatal type of attack due to the multiple deep bites and
may or may not be a case of mistaken identity.
Hit & Run Attack - Where a shark bites and swims
away not to come back. Most victims of this attack don't get a good look
at the shark in question.
This is the most common type of shark attack. These type of attacks
typically occur in murky waters where the shark cant see very well or in
the surf zone mistakenly biting a surfer thinking its ,its natural prey.
Most hit and run attacks
are a case of mistaken identity.
Bump & Bite Attack - This is where a shark circles
around a human
and bumps the person once to many times then bites. Its not
uncommon to have multiple bites in this type of attack. The shark bumps
to figure out what something is. The shark will know the human is not
its natural prey and most of the time leave , but not always.
SHARK ATTACK PREVENTION
There is only one way to not ever be involved in a shark
attack and that's to never go in or near salt or fresh water, which may
to most people.
There is no way to completely eliminate the possibility of a shark
attack. Here are some precautions to take:
1: Avoid being in the water at known shark feeding
times which include dusk , dawn and at night.
2: Avoid excess movement or splashing as it mimics
something in distress and sharks are drawn to it.
3: Don't allow your pet in the water with you , pets
namely dogs are
very splashy when in the water which will draw sharks interest.
4: Avoid areas sharks tend to be like sandbars , at steep
drop-offs and murky waters.
5: If possible , don't swim alone. Always try to swim
with a group of people
and if possible don't be the person on the outer edge of the group as
its the most likely person to be attacked.
6: Avoid areas where remains of fish or other food are
discarded in the
waters such as fishermen cleaning there catch and places were people
frequent for spearing or fish as sharks will be drawn to those areas.
7: Avoid areas where sharks find there natural prey like
8: Don't go in the water if you have an open wound that
may not be bleeding or if your menstruating.
9: Avoid wearing shiny jewellery or bright clothing into
water as sharks are attracted to it.
WHAT TO DO IF YOU SPOT
A SHARK IN THE WATER WITH YOU!
First, stay calm ( yes I know , easy right )... if you
notice the shark
first , that's a great sign. Swim to shore or your boat as fast as
without splashing too much. If either of those are not an option , stay
treading water as calm as you can until the shark leaves , if it doesn't
leave and is getting closer to you do not attack it in any way , as it
may just be interested in exactly what you are and come see you , figure
your not its normal prey or anything that interesting and leave.
Attacking it may work with very small sharks to scare them away, but a
white shark ,
will get extremely mad if you try and punch , kick , poke it etc.
have been known to chase Boats down that drive to close to them in
waters and rip the motor off. If the shark begins to attack you in
some way, you will have no choice but to attack back , so scratch or
poke the eyes or Gills as its the most sensitive part of a shark ... if
you cant attack either of those areas , try the nose. Its may stun the
shark and it could halt its attack on you.
Its been known that dolphins and sharks don't get along.
For whatever reason dolphins have even been documented in
saving people from shark attacks. If you see dolphins in the water
or around you, its probably a good sign that no sharks are near by.